Human body needs one gram of protein per each kilogram of its weight. 70 percent of the required protein from plant sources and 30 percent from animal sources are provided. Red meat and white meat (aquatic and poultry) and milk products are the animal protein sources for human need. The undeniable role of aquatic consumption has been proven in the prevention of many diseases in humans such as arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), infarction, cancer growth and diseases caused by malnutrition and vitamin deficiency and bone problems and also in premature aging. For these, fish consumption has a special place in human nutrition program. IQ increase and children brain development are primary benefits of fish consumption in human.
In 2010, yearly fish consumption was 17 kilograms per person, that it was 6 kilograms in some countries and up to 40 kilograms in some other countries. However, it is predicted that it will increase to 19.6 kilograms per capita up to 2021 that is 16 percent higher than the average consumption in 2009 to 2011 AD. According to global statistics from the total 154 million tons of fish and aquatic in 2011, 90.4 million tons obtained from seas and oceans and 63.6 million tons obtained from aquaculture. 53.3 million ton of aquatic productions, near 89 percent of global production had been produced in Asia through aquaculture in 2011.
It is notable that Russia country due to abundant of surface water and rivers and springs of fresh water, is one of the most important countries that natural and organic aquaculture is being done there. And by increasing aquaculture the domestic need is provided and in Krasnodar region, that is from southern and hot areas of Russia, even in the winter, Fresh fish can be produced and be entered the domestic market. And both species of carpfish (warm-water fish) and salmon (cold-water fish) are grown in this region and this is of the main reasons and advantages of this proposal.
Spers Giyah Salem Company is a holding in Iran and has three following companies:
1- Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Tajan Company:
This has 1400 hectares of farmland and 3000 sheep and cultures including: watermelon, melon, wheat, grain, alfalfa, corn, cotton, pistachio, grape, and rapeseed. The company has 20 years of work experience in Iran.
2- Sarakhs Samen Fish Cooperative Company:
It has 120 hectares ponds of warm-water fish including golden carp, silver carp, grass carp (Amor),bighead carp and sturgeon. Now the company is examining the production of Tylapyla fish. It has 15 year experience of work in Iran and during these 15 years it was of the boards several times in Iran and in Sarakhs in Khorasan Razavi province.
3- Eskan Porteghal Caspian Company:
This company is examining ten thousand beds Motel plan in the north of Iran along the 1500 km way, in the south of Caspian Sea for travelers and tourists, which is in its first executing phase but has not been started yet. This company has 3 years of work experience in Iran.
Company Members’ Introduction:
He is an Iran-born citizen and he has completed his primary and academic education in Iran.
-He has the Degree of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M) and he is a member of the Islamic Republic of Iran Veterinary Organization
- Plant breeding and agriculture engineer
- Honorary Professor of university
- Specialist in aquaculture
- Member of Islamic Republic of Iran Farmers’ Cooperative
- Agriculture advisor in variety kinds of greenhouse and animal husbandry and light livestock.
- The principal owner of the company and the inventor and executer of blueberry fruit and plant plan in Russia.
- In the past 25 years, he was the best in the country and province and city levels. (documents are attached)
He is an Iran-born citizen that has completed his primary and academic studies in Iran. He is an herbal medicine specialist and has M.A.B certificate.
C) Eshaq Delarami:
He is an Iran-born citizen of Iran that has completed his primary and academic studies in Iran and he is an agriculture and plant breeding engineer.
D)Jalal Nahardani :
He is an Iran-born citizen that has educated his primary and academic studies in Iran and he has an M.A certificate inengineering. Now, he is studying Ph.D. course in civil and structural engineering.
The other members of the company are the family’s member of Dr. Mohammad Delarami and the other owners of the company.
The climate properties of the plan zone:
Warm-water fish (carp fish) are grown in soil ponds and in poly- culture way and in areas where the temperature is 18 to 32 ° C. And their optimum growth temperature is 24 to 26 ° C. The cold-water fish (salmon) grows in the temperature between 6 and 18 ° C and the optimum temperature is 12° C but, if the water oxygen amount was high and the water were flowing they could grow up to 25° C. The best way is to provide the farm water from the river channels in order to reduce the expenditures and the water oxygen would be in equilibrium position with the air and the water flows.
In the south of Russia climate, including Krasnodar region and its suburbs, considering the fresh water rivers, including the river Bela in Belorechensk region which is near pools, the best conditions for warm and cold-water fish breeding exist. These pools have built in the past here and this is the best experience and evidence for doing and continuing this project here.
Company Achievements for Russia:
1- The heat of Krasnodar zone causes, considering that fish is cold blooded, fishing has been done in winter and in January and February, and the fresh fish come to the market in the New Year, just when Russia country needs to import fish from abroad.
2- Production and supply of fresh, organic and healthy fish.
3-Invest in Russia and the exchange knowledge and technology between Iran and Russia.
4- The use of Russian experts and academic professors.
5- Employing 30 to 40 people daily during a year.
6- The hatchery production in the project site and transferring and exporting them to other regions of Russia.
7- For Russia country by reducing fish import from other countries.
8- By completion, development and establishment a place for hatchery and fish breeding, university units in the region can visit there and it cause promoting knowledge level among students.
10- Considering the vastness of the pools, academic and research projects can be done there.
The goals of the plan:
Given the importance of environmental issues in Russia, and the presence of plenty of fresh water and fertile soil, warm weather of Krasnodar and suitable PH of water and soil, and considering all effective factors in fish production, this plan also has social effects such as employment in different scientific levels. And will revive this location that already has been created by high costs, and will make people and respected authorities happy. Since the creation of pools due to expensive energy is expensive, this plan is consistent with the requirements of the Russian society and I can be developed in the future for these objectives:
1- The optimum use of the existing situation.
2- Efficient use of water.
3- Create manufacturing and packaging companies at the site.
4- Create the hatchery production factory.
5- Having close and quick release to the consumption market.
6- Promoting the society and children health, that they are the future capital of each country.
7- Creating an ice factory there.
8- The supply of fish in the months that Russia produces less fish.
9- Production of healthy, organic and fresh fish.
10- The opportunity for workforces and more employment in surrounding villages.
11- Prevent the loss of existing pools which they are national and federal assets.
The following opportunities will guarantee the success of the plan:
- Existing river near the pools.
- Using channels for water transferring and directing.
- Using the pools that are created previously.
- A great deal of researches on fish production in the past periods.
- Plenty of fresh water in the river in the vicinity of the project.
- Variety of regional climate and clean and natural air and water in Russia.
- Proximity to rail and road and to the province capital.
- Workforce in the nearby village of the plan.
- Large consumption market and high demand.
- Prevention of fish import and export currency of the country.
- Production of required healthy and organic fish for the province and country.
- Existence of farms around the project site for fish food production.
High fish consumption by people in Russia, climate variety, knowledge and experience of our company, high demand for fish and proficiency in fish production in Russia guarantee the success and efficiency of the plan. In the case of supporting this project by Russia government, 3500 to 4000 tons will produce in this project annually and by creating a hatchery center in each year 20 to 30 million kid fish will be produced. Also, in each year 2000 to 2500 tons salmon will be produced.
Due to the long time passing of making and using the swimming pools the infrastructures in some parts has been destroyed. The high price of electricity power, gasoline and facilities raise concerns and increase the investment and financial support for the plan. The mother fish should be trained at the beginning to produce kid fish. Simultaneously with pools reconstruction the water problem of pools should be solved. Considering the long length of the water channel that is required in the project, the cooperation of respected authorities and honorable governor is needed more than before to accomplish this project. In the case of administrative cooperation and bank financial support the difficulties and menace of the plan will be decreased and the investment time will be shortened, also it takes less than two years until the pools become revival and supply with water.
Analysis of Fish Production Requirement in Russia:
- World population rate increase.
- Population is going aged.
- The growing number of Fast Food restaurants and the need of Low Food.
- Industrial diseases.
- Environmental pollution.
- Lack of human mobility.
- Growth machine life.
- The cheap of fish protein.
- Great deal import fish amount Russia from abroad.
- Look into the future and health of society.
Poor nutrition and physical inactivity, the use of technology, the increase of industrial diseases and diabetes, heart and liver diseases and cancer are good reason to consume fish since it promotes the health of society. Fish consumption prevents obesity and weight gaining and boosts children’s intellectual development and also prevents the Alzheimer’s disease in elderly people.
The Species of Fish in the Plan Pools:
1- Common carp, scientific name : ‘cyprinus carpio’
2- Grass carp or Amor, scientific name: ‘ctenopharhyngodon idehha’.
3- Silver carp or free breeding fish, scientific name: ‘HvpophThalmichys molitrix’
4- Big head carp, scientific name: ‘HypoThalmichthys nobibils’
5- Rainbow trout, scientific name: ‘oncorhynchus my kiss’ and the kinds;, Rainbow trout- kmloops,
Rainbow trout- Shasta, Rainbow trout - steel head
6- Beluga sturgeon or beluga (Huso Huso)
The thermal requirements of cold and warm -water fish:
Warm-water fish (°C)
Cold water fish (°C)
Suitable for growth
Less than 17
Less than 4
Suitable for cultivation
More than 40
More than 25
Analysis of project investment:
Revival of pools and repairing them, making power station, water pumping station, repairing channels and construction of the building of kid fish producing factory and mother fish breeding building, and agriculture equipment to remove weeds, digging deep fresh water well for kid fish production, construction of guide water channels and out puts of pools, upgrading production and fish farming, need to dozers, loaders and tractors, constructing an ice factory, packaging site, food warehouses and cold storage and… production about 4000 tons of different kind of carp fish and 2500 tons of salmon fish and production of 20 million kid cold and warm-water fish, need about 5million dollars in the first year and the payback time is 4 to 6 years and execute this plan bank funding and financing are needed.
The Site of the Plan:
-Russian federation country
-Near the village Belay Ayvskay